საიტზე მიმდინარეობს ტექნიკური სამუშაოები

პუტინი პარიზში, მკვლელობები მოსკოვში...

Libération. 27.11.09

premier ministrma fransua fionma 26 noembers miiRo vladimer putini, adamianis uflebaTa dacvis TvalsazrisiT sazareli wlisa da ruseTSi sul ufro mzardi ukmayofilebis fonze.

elen despiC-popoviCi, veronika dormani, emanuel gieman d’eSoni (moskovidan)

 

« am qveyanaSi arsebobs xalxis jgufi, romelic wesiT unda zrunavdes sazogadoebrivi wesrigis dacvaze, magram sinamdvileSi isini arian kriminalebi, romelTa usazRvro Zalaufleba emsaxureba adamianebis gatacebas da maTi cxovrebis dangrevas. Ees uaresia, rac me odesme minaxavs ruseTSi. dRevandeli ruseTi fundamenturad kriminaluri saxelmwifoa.”

bil brouderi, sainvesticio fondis Hermitage Capital Tavmjdomare.

 

Annus horribilis2009 weli ruseTSi adamianis uflebaTa damcvelis, advokati stanislav merkelovis mkvlelobiT daiwyo, gagrZelda arasamTavrobo organizacia « memorialis » aqtivistis, natalia estemirovas gatacebiTa da ganadgurebiT da mTavrdeba iuristis, sergei magnickis cixeSi gaqrobiT. Horribilis ? namdvilad ara maTTvis, vinc fiqrobs, rom rac ar unda moxdes, rusuli « demokratia » gaumjobesebadia da parizSi ruseTis premiers, vladimer putins epatiJeba.

« me sikvdilis ar meSinia » : am sityvebma rusi policieli naRvliani TvalebiT internetis varskvlavad aqcia. milionobiT adamianma ixila Canaweri, romelic maiorma aleqsei dimovskim moaTavsa You Tube -ze. Canaweri, sadac telekameris winaSe pirdapir mdgomi maiori mimarTavs premier ministrs, vladimer putins, rom mosTxovos mas policiis rigebis korufciisgan gawmenda. Canaweri, sadac is ambobs, rom « mobezrda briyvi ufrosebi », mobezrda TanamSromlebi, romlebsac ar adardebT dabali xelfasebi radgan « iReben qrTamebs », da kidev ufro mobezrda « udanaSauloTa devna » angariSis warsadgenad. Canaweri, romlis kvalobaze maiori dimovski iqca korufciasTan brZolis simbolo mamac jariskacad, brZolis, romelic rusuli saxelmwifos meTaurs, dimitri medvedevs Tu daverwmunebiT, misi cxovrebis saqmea.

aleqsei dimovski ar mouklavT. udrooT daberebulma am 32 wlis qera mamakacma mxolod samsaxuri dakarga. Mmagram, man qveyanaSi vnebaTaRelva gamoiwvia CrdiloeTidan samxreTamde. Dda es mxolod dasawyisia didi aRsarebebisa. Svidma sxva policielma da prokuraturis TanamSromelma moaTavsa saitze TavianTi Canawerebi. erTma yofilma prokurorma da erTma yofilma policielma CrdiloeTis qalaq uxtadan aRweres detalurad Tu rogor miesaja or axalgazrdas samudamo patimroba komerciuli centris ganzrax gadawvis braldebiT, maSin rodesac isini sruliad udanaSauloni arian. sazogadoebrivi azri ar aris gaognebuli. Nnebismier rus avtomobilists ukve hqonia samarTaldamcavebTan urTierTobis siamovneba da Tavisuflad warmoudgenia, rom realoba kidev ufro pirquSia.

« Sinagan saqmeTa saministros modernizeba da reformireba SeuZlebelia, is ubralod unda gauqmdes », ganacxada oriode dRis win mmarTveli partiis, erTiani ruseTis deputatma andrei makarovma. Ppartiam imave DdRes saWirod CaTvala garideboda am gancxadebas.

37 wlis advokati sergei magnicki ki namdvilad gardaicvala winaswari patimrobis cixeSi orkviriani agoniis Semdeg. Jurnalisti iulia latinina pirveli iyo, romelmac es mkvleloba pirdapir putins daukavSira. Moscow Times Si gamoqveynebul statiaSi is gvaxsenebs, rom britanuli sainvesticio fondis Hermitage Capital amerikeli mflobeli, viliam brouderi, romlis interesebs icavda gardacvlili advokati, awarmoebda gamoZiebas sanavTobo kompaniis Surgutneftegas struqturaze, arada, « zogierTis mtkicebiT, es kompania vladimer putinis sakuTrebaa ». Sesabamisad, brouderi iZulebuli iyo gaqceuliyo qveynidan. 2007 wels misi ofisi SeiaraRebuli da niRbiani fiskaluri policiis reidis obieqtad iqca. swored am momentidan iwyeba magnickis bedukuRmarToba. Ooficers, romelic uZRveboda reids, saxelad artiom kuznecovi erqva. « magnickim mogvianebiT, Cvenebis micemisas, ganacxada iseTi ram, rac SesaZloa gamxdariyo kidec misTvis sasikvdilo ganaCenis mizezi : « kuznecovi iq imyofeboda da man Tqva, rom Tuki Cven mas ufro adre SevxvdebodiT, rogorc mas es surda, yovelive aRar moxdeboda », wers iulia latinina. reidis dros amoRebuli sabuTebis mixedviT milionobiT evro daemala fiskalur samsaxurebs. Bbrouderma Secdoma dauSva Seitana ra saCivari. « misi advokati Sav siaSi moaTavses da prokuraturam wamoiwyo mamtkicebeli masalebis Zieba, romlis mixedviT brouderi TaRliTobda gadasaxadebTan dakavSirebiT. magnicki awames sikvdilamde, rom mas Cvenebebi mieca brouderis winaamRdeg. » es imis mamtkicebelia, rom ruseTi « mesame samyaros qveynad iqca », wers latinina. ramodenime dRis win telekompania BBC–Tvis micemul interviuSi uiliam broudim ganacxada Semdegi : « am qveyanaSi arsebobs xalxis jgufi, romelic wesiT unda zrunavdes sazogadoebrivi wesrigis dacvaze, magram sinamdvileSi isini arian kriminalebi, romelTa usazRvro Zalaufleba emsaxureba adamianebis gatacebas da maTi cxovrebis dangrevas. Ees uaresia, rac me odesme minaxavs ruseTSi. dRevandeli ruseTi fundamenturad kriminaluri saxelmwifoa.” A

amerikis komunisturi partiis damaarseblis SviliSvili ar aris putiniseuli “kanonis diqtaturis” erTaderTi msxverpli. Ddaterorebul ucxour sawarmoTa ricxvi sul ufro izrdeba. gasul zafxuls jgufma Ikea - ruseTis saSualo klasis aRzevebis simbolom, qveyanaSi yofnis mecxre wlis Tavze ganacxada, rom yinavda ruseTSi ganviTarebis proeqtebs korufciis gamo. Pproblemebi moskovSi 2000 wels Ikea –s pirvelive maRaziis gaxsnisas daiwyo. Svedur gigants mouwia dizelze momuSave generatorebis daqiraveba, vinaidan eleqtrobis kompaniam, romelic unda mas momsaxureboda, denis miwodebisTvis qrTami moiTxova. Semdeg ki aRmoCnda, rom eleqtrobis mimwodebeli da generatorebis mimqiravebeli Sekruli iyvnen erTmaneTTan.

wleuls franguli BNP da Shell Tavis mxriv darwmundnen, rom ruseTSi investorTa uflebebi metad pirobiTi ram aris. Sesabamisad, 2008-2009 wlebSi ucxoel investorTa 27% kleba mxolod krizisiT ar aixsneba. vladimer putinis dapirebebs momaval privatizaciebSi ucxour kompaniaTa monawileobis Sesaxeb, jer-jerobiT eWviT xvdebian.

manamde ki, maiori dimovskis gancxadebiT gamowveul efeqts garkveuli Sedegi moaqvs. ramodenime dRis win afxazuri warmoSvebis axalgazrdis policielebis mier mkvlelobaze reagirebam ar daaxana: moskovis policiis Sefma damnaSaveni umal daapatimra. Tavad Sinagan saqmeTa ministri, raSid nurgalievi mouwodebs moqalaqeebs Tavdacvisaken: “SeuZlia Tu ara moqalaqes daubrunos agresor policiels xurda? Tuki is ar aris kriminali, Tuki Tavis gzaze midioda da arafers aSavebda, maSin ki.”    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

elen blani: “sabWoTa dros cixeSi agzavnidnen, exla ki klaven”

ukve oci welia politologi da publicisti elen blani ikvlevs rusuli mafiis samyaros. wignis “mtaceblebi kremlidan” (2009) avtori gvixsnis, Tu rogor aiRo xelSi usafrTxoebis federalurma samsaxurma kriminaluri samyaros saqmeebi.

organizacia Transparency International mixedviT, ruseTi msoflios yvelaze korumpirebul saxelmwifoTa ricxvSia. rogor moxda yovelive es?

korufcia arsebobda jer kidev sabWoTa dros. rogorRac unda gadaWriliyo deficitis problema da xalxi mieCvia patara eSmakobebs, magaliTad, karaqi icvleboda xelTaTmanebSi da a.S. Sesabamisad, ganviTarda Savi bazari da korufcia iqca sabWoTa-rusuli cxovrebis Semadgenel nawilad. funqcionerebi TeTrsayeloian damnaSaveebad iqcnen. Uubralod beWdis dasmac ki fuli Rirda. Cinovnikis nebismier Jests Tavisi tarifi hqonda, es ki saboloo jamSi miliardobiT maneTs Seadgenda. amJamad yovelives emateba mewarmeTa, da ara mxolod rusTa, mier gacemuli qrTamebi bazrebis mosapoveblad. rusebi am yovelives eguebian, radgan es maTi cxovrebis wesia da vinaidan xelisufleba formaluri gancxadebebis garda arafers akeTebs, korufcia sul ufro yovlismomcveli xdeba.

rogor axasiaTebT putiniseul ruseTs?

putinma kremlSi axali ideologia Camoayaliba, raRac nacional-Cekizmis msgavsi ram, anu qedmaRluri da agresiuli supranacionalizmi. is ar ixseniebs xolme kgb-s, aramed Cekas, leninis mier 1917 wels daarsebul Rirseul winamorbeds. Kkgb feniqsia, romelic usasrulod aRdgeba xolme ferflidan. dRevandelma fe-es-bem SeinarCuna igive sastiki da daundobeli meTodebi da imave saxiT iyenebs fsiqologiur SantaJs. Eam axal dinastias kidev grZeli gza aqvs gasavleli, radgan putini mxolod 57 wlis aris da ocnebobs kvlav prezidentobaze 2012 wels, SesaZloa ufro adredac. dRes fsb kremlis daxmarebiT da sruliad dausjelad aterorebs ruseTs. kgb-s veteranebi Tavisuflad ganaxorcieleben revanSistul qmedebebs, radgan maT jerac ver mounelebiaT ssrk-s daSla. Pputinis frTis qveS gazrdilma oligarqebma ukve Secvales elcinisdroindeli oligarqebi. Ees is qveyanaa, sadac ar arsebobs xelisuflebis gamawonasworebeli meqanizmebi. Oopozicia daTrgunulia, xolo arCevnebi gayalbebuli. dasavleTSi veravin verafers ambobs putinis xelisuflebaSi dabrunebasTan dakavSirebiT. is demokrats TamaSobs radgan ar Secvala konstitucia mesame mandatTan dakavSirebiT. principSi medvedevTan mimarTebaSi arCevnebi ki ara, plebisciti iyo. evropas eSinia moskovis SenjRevis. saqarTvelos SemTxvevaSi, ruseTi ar daubrunda konfliqtiswina poziciebs miuxedavad aRebuli valdebulebebisa. Mmagram, qarTvelebis garda, romlebsac mxars baltiispirelebi da polonelebi uWeren, aravin imaRlebs xmas.

ra mizans isaxavs ruseTi dasavleTSi?

komerciuli saqmianobis garda, mas surs dasavleTSi politikuri Zalauflebis ganxorcieleba. Pprorusuli lobi mravldeba safrangeTSi, rogorc ssrk-s dros, kgb-s surs msoflios batonoba. Pputini Sirakis megobaria, man monusxa sarkozi da ivarjiSa monakos princ alberTan erTad. maT is moCvenebiT ruseTs yidis demokratiuli fasadiT, maSin rodesac SigniT yvelaferi Caketilia.  sabWoTa dros disidentebs cixeSi agzavnidnen, exla ki klaven. principSi, ruseTi ufro moxerxebulia dezinformaciis sferoSi, vidre ssrk iyo: dRes is gasaWirSi myof gazeTebs yidulobs evropaSi gavlenis gasavrceleblad. 2000 wlis Semdeg, Cven is ar gavakeTeT rac saWiro iyo. ruseTs ar unda vaswavloT Wkua, magram amave dros ar unda viyoT briyvebi da Tanamzraxvelebi. rusebs iseve sWirdebaT gazisa da navTobis gayidva, rogorc Cven yidva.

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