საიტზე მიმდინარეობს ტექნიკური სამუშაოები

პრეზიდენტი ძალაუფლების გარეშე

Libération 02.03.2010

elen despiC-popoviCi

parizSi oficialuri vizitiT myof ruseTis prezidents viwro samoqmedo sivrce gaaCnia sakuTari premier-ministrisa da gamomzrdelis, vladimir putinisgan gansxvavebiT.

vin aris es kaci, vis winaSedac safrangeTi wiTel xaliCebs fens adamianis uflebaTa darRvevebisa da kavkasiaSi konfliqtebis miuxedavad? farTod cnobilia dimitri medvedevis, rogorc kibernetuli prezidentis imiji – blogebisa da podcast–is meSveobiT rom urTierTobs mosaxleobasTan. amavdroulad is mouwodebs qveynis modernizaciisa da sasamarTlos reformisaken. samagirod, Cven mas naklebad vicnobT mTavarsardlis rolSi, anu im kacis funqciaSi, romelmac gasuli Tvis dasawyisSi gaaJRera samxedro doqtrina, romlis mixedviT nato umTavres gareSe safrTxed ganixileba. mTavarsardlis rolSi, romelmac daarRvia 2008 wels nikola sarkozisTan dadebuli SeTanxmeba saqarTvelodan rusuli jarebis gayvanis Sesaxeb.

rusuli saxelmwifos meTaurad arCevis ori wlis Tavze, vladimir putinis CrdilSi myofi medvedevi, SedarebiT ukeT gamoiyureba prezidentis tanisamosSi. Mman miatova Tavisi patara saskolo CanTa da iswavla meomris pozebSi dgoma. anegdoti, romelic acinebda sruliad moskovs medvedevis xelisuflebaSi mosvlisas – „ratom airCia putinma medvedevi Tavis memkvidred? – imitom rom sxva veravin naxa, vinc masze 5 santimetriT dabali iqneboda“, warsuls Cabarda. putini, romelsac konstituciis Tanaxmad aRar SeeZlo kandidaturis wayeneba, ar malavs, rom 2012 wels apirebs prezidentis savarZelSi dabrunebas da cota russ sjera, rom medvedevs ZaluZs qveynis Secvla. oficialurad qveyana tandemis mier imarTeba, Tumca rusebis umravlesobas miaCnia, rom pirveli piri isev putinia. „es ori pirovneba gansxvavebuli xasiaTisaa, magram isini icaven politikuri stabilurobis ideas“, gveubneba politologi izabel fakoni. „isini sajarod ver gamoaCenen TavianT pirad dapirispirebas, radgan TavSi udganan sxvadasxva dajgufebas, romlebic Seadgenen kidec elitas. isini ufrTxian Ria konfliqts, romelic daangrevda maT nagebobaTa sistemas.“ es ori kaci, gvixsnis rusi analitikosi vladimir pribilovski (avtori polemikuri wignisa putinis Sesaxeb „mkvlelobis dro“), nawilia 200 – 300 ojaxiani oligarqiisa, romelic marTavs qveyanas. am oligarqiuli birTvis mTavar nawils kgb-isturi warsulis xalxi warmoadgens putinis msgavsad, magram isini iZulebulni arian iTanamSromlon sazogadoebis sxva seqtorebTan (msxvili industria, energomatareblebi, regionuli elitebi).

medvedevi ara mxolod Tavisi gamomzrdelis keTildReobisTvis momuSave iuristia, is Tavis droze gamdidrda peterburgis tyis gadamamuSavebeli qarxnis meSveobiT, Sesabamisad im qalaqSi, sadac man wamoiwyo kariera putinis CrdilSi moTavsebulma. Ppolitologi elen blanis (renata lesnikTan erTad Tanaavtori wignisa „mtaceblebi kremlidan“) azriT, „putinma Seqmna kgb-s dinastia, romelsac grZelvadiani amocanebi eqneba.“ „medvedevi ki kremlis mier dadgmul speqtaklSi droebiT msaxiobia“ da rom „misi amocana saprezidento savarZlis Tbilad Senaxvaa, Semdeg ki SesaZloa premier-ministroba uboZon“. Tuki arsebobs sfero, sadac am ori adamianis Sexedulebebi sruliad emTxveva, es Tavdacvisa da usafrTxoebis sakiTxebia. 5 Tebervals gamoqveynebuli samxedro doqtrinis mixedviT natos gafarToeba im wiTel xazs warmoadgens, romelic moskovisTvis miuRebelia. „problema Cveni samxedro doqtrina ki ar aris, aramed natos gafarToeba, romelic ylapavs ssrk-s yofil respublikebs da axlo samezoblos qveynebs, rogorc rumineTi da bulgareTia“, ganucxada dimitri medvedevma „pari-matCis“ Jurnalistebs ramodenime dRis win moskovSi. ruseTis elita darwmunebulia, rom maTi qveynisTvis wamgebiania daTboba dasavleTsa da aRmosavleTs Soris da saWiroa ZalTa Tanafardobis miRweva civi omis droSi dabrunebis gareSe. Sesabamisad, modernizatori medvedevi mixedavs tandemis saerTo mizans: jer kidev arqauli da cudad ekipirebuli jaris ganaxlebas. jarisas, romelmac omi saqarTveloSi mxolod ricxvobrivi uperatesobis wyalobiT moigo.

Tuki arsebobs raime sfero, sadac sazogadoebrivi azri medvedevis moqmedebas elis, es udaod adamianis uflebebia. sasamarTlos miseuli reforma jer kidev monaxazis stadiaSia. 18 Tebervals gamocxadebuli policiis reforma 2012 wels unda dasruldes. Tavad policielebisadmi mindobili es reforma pirvel rigSi PR aqcias waagavs. strasburgSi adamianis uflebaTa evropuli sasamarTlo veRar uZlebs ruseTis moqalaqeTa saCivrebs. Pproteqciis saerTaSoriso centris xelmZRvaneli, rusi advokati karina moskalenko uzrunvelyofs yvelaze mgrZnobiare saqmeebis dacvas, iqneba es „iukosis“ dapatimrebuli xelmZRvanelebi, mokluli Jurnalisti ana politkovskaias ojaxis wevrebi, rusi Zalovnebis mier dawiokebuli CeCnebi Tu policiis Zalismomreobisgan dazaralebuli ubralo rusi moqalaqeebi. „medvedevis sityvebi imedismomcemia, magram maT ukan ar dgas konkretuli qmedeba. es Zalian guldasawyvetia“, ambobs karina moskalenko. 4 marts, evropuli sasamarTlo pirvelad moismens „iukosis“ xelmZRvanelTa saCivars, romelic brals debs ruseTis xelisuflebas „mixail xodorkovskisadmi damoukideblobisa da Tavisuflebis warTmevaSi“. „iukosis“ yofili Tavmjdomare da misi TanamSromlebi, rusuli arasamTavroebebis mier ganixilebian rogorc politpatimrebi. „Tu medvedevs surs sazogadoebisTvis naTeli gzavnilis gagzavna, man isini unda gaanTavisuflos. aCvenos, rom xelisuflebisTvis uxerxuli pirovnebebi aRar iqnebian dapatimrebuli da marTlac Caataros sapolicio reforma, vinaidan es ukanasknelni wamebis imden aqtebs sCadian, rom ukve SesaZloa qcevis sqemaze saubari“. sjera am yovelivesi karina moskalenkos? albaT ara: „Tu gaxsovT novorosiiskeli policieli aleqsei dimovski, putins rom mimarTa policielTa Zaladobis dasagmobad? Ees kaci oriode dRis win daapatimres. Tundac is ar iyos umwikvlo, moskovSi unda daepatiJebinaT da ara daeWiraT“.

 

Pparizuli kontrastebi da simboloebi

nikola sarkozim oficialurad daadastura molaparakebebis arseboba kremlisadmi oTxi vertmfrenmzidis miyidvis Sesaxeb

1 marts, dimitri medvedevTan erToblivad Catarebul pres-konferenciaze prezidentma sarkozim ganacxada „ekskluziuri molaparakebebis“ Sesaxeb moskovisadmi „mistralis“ tipis oTxi vertmfrenmzidis miyidvis Taobaze. 1949 wlidan moyolebuli es pirveli SemTxvevaa, rodesac natos wevri qveyana msgavs samxedro nagebobas hyidis moskovs. yovelive aSS-s uaryofiT damokidebulebasa da saqarTvelosa da baltiispireTis qveynebis SeSfoTebas iwvevs. Cven gvsurs sabolood wertili davusvaT civ oms. ruseTi ara metoqe, aramed partnioria. SeuZlebelia diliT vuTxraT ruseTs, rom misi daxmareba gvWirdeba, vTqvaT, iranis problemis mosagvareblad, xolo saRamos ki ar aRmovuCinoT ndoba „mistralis“ irgvliv“, ganacxada safrangeTis prezidentma.

energoproeqtebi. gavleniani biznesmenebiT garSemortymuli medvedevis vizits parizSi mniSvnelovani ekonomikuri datvirTva aqvs. pirveli kontraqti jer kidev ruseTis prezidentis Camosvlamde iyo anonsirebuli. GDF Suez-ma da “gazpromma” prezidentebis TandaswrebiT moaweres xeli SeTanxmebas, romlis mixedviT franguli kompaniis monawileoba mSenebare gazsaden Nord Stream–is  kapitalSi 9% ganisazRvreba. SeTanxmeba azustebs, rom GDF Suez-i Nord Stream–is aqcionerad “mSeneblobis dawyebamde” iqceva, mSeneblobis dawyeba ki aprilisTvis aris dagegmili. meores mxriv, sxva frangulma kompaniam EDF, jer kidev 27 noembers ganacxada South Stream-is mSeneblobaSi monawileobis Sesaxeb. es ori proeqti, romlebic miznad isaxaven gazis tranzits ukrainis gverdis avliT, konkurenciaSi imyofebian evrokavSiris mier mxardaWeril “nabukos” proeqtisadmi. proeqti momavalSi SesaZlebels gaxdis kaspiis auziSi mopovebuli gazis miwodebas pirdapir evrokavSiris sivrceSi ruseTis gverdis avliT.

qristes vnebani. ruseTis prezidentis viziti saSualebas gvaZlves agreTve gavixsenoT safrangeT-ruseTis urTierTobebSi arsebuli simboluri datvirTvis Sesaxeb. mimdinare weliwadi ruseTis weliwadia safrangeTSi da safrangeTisa ruseTSi, am programebis uzenaesi wertili ki ori prezidentis mier inaugurebuli qristianuli xelovnebisadmi miZRvnili gamofena “wminda ruseTia”. dimitri medvedevi meuRliTurT ewvia aseve parizis RvTismSoblis taZars, raTa exila wminda eklis gvirgvini, qristes vnebaTa reliqvia.

problemuri siuJetebis ardaviwyebis mizniT, ramodenime frangulma arasamTavrobo organizaciam gadawyvita Taviseburad aReniSna es jvaredini frangul-rusuli weliwadi. adamianis uflebaTa evropuli sasamarTlos advokati elena lipsteri da yofili politpatimari grigori pasko Camovlen TavianTi gamocdilebis Sesaxeb mosayolad gamofena “usamarTlobis sasamarTlos” vernisaJisas. G”usamarTlobis sasamarTlo” ewoda mixail xodorkovskisa da platon lebedevis process. Sesabamisad, axalgazrda rusi mxatvrebi gviCveneben ruseTis meore saxes. im saxes, romlis danaxvac aRar surT eliseis sasaxleSi.